1. In the human history the continents are born twice. The first time happens when the unknown piece of land unveils itself on the maps of the discoverers, geographers and historians. They are still strewn with borders and «blank spots», while their names change frequently due to peoples' rivalry for land, resources and history. The second birth of a continent is possible when all peoples give way to a transformation of the continent into a united non-confrontational place to live, into a common «cohabitation infrastructure», «common home».
2. In the aftermath of the two World Wars of the XXth century, despite the pending «Cold World War», when the conflicts seemed intractable, two people could see the second birth of the Eurasian continent. In the 1960s Charles de Gaulle suggested a formula of new cohabitation «from the Atlantic to the Urals», moving the border of Europe. In the 1990s Mikhail Gorbachev introduced a definition, which outlined the core idea of the post-war development- «common home».
3. The USSR collapse led to a significant restructure of the continent. The crisis development of the majority of emerged post-USSR countries made the dialogue about a common continental future difficult. At the beginning of the XXI century the strengthened European Union, Russian Federation and China became the centres of gravity. Economic interests required common plans, but geopolitical rivalry for power and resources only led to chaos in decisions and obligations and rivalry for local influence ( the European neighbourhood policy, Russia's Single Economic Space, China's economic expansion into the Central Asia).
4. At the same time, a successful modernisation and socioeconomic achievements of the countries of the continental Asia (China, South Korea, Vietnam) accelerated the dialogue between the two parts of the continent. Yearly European-Asian summits became a new dialogue tradition. The axis «Europe-Asia» is now gaining a new meaning and global role. The Asian societies became the new pushing powers of economic development, destroying the stereotype of so called «asian way's» non-effectiveness and underdevelopment. Investments, dynamic development of the markets and trade, a rapid growth of continental migration - all this made the process of continental convergence unavoidable.
5. The revolutionary role in the continent's fate is played by geoprojects - transcontinental development programs that include creation of a new infrastructure for the whole continent: transport («transport corridors»), freight and logistics («new silk route»), energy (a network of oil and gas pipes connecting Russian Federation and Central Asia countries with Europe and Asia leaders), terrestrial communications and airspace (Northern sea route). Geoprojects ensure new labour division system on the continent, taking into account investments, launch of new manufacturing and transnational clusters.
6. Despite a wave of nationalism and national-conservatism in a number of countries in the continent, mutual cultural penetration gains a new quality. Art, literature, traditions, cuisine, cultural design and historic heritage shape a new outlook on the common continental past and change the way the future is imagined. Fusion element of continental cultures is present today in a day-to-day life of the majority of countries in the Eurasian continent.
7. A gradual toleration of different social organization models and development is taking place («western democracy» in the RF, «socialism with Chinese characteristics»…). China, a new continental economic leader, became and active supporter of tolerance and the idea of «common destiny». China's attitude strongly influences both Eurasian and European partners. Hence at the beginning of this century, Eurasian continent is halfway to becoming a fully functioning common living space.
8. The human history has its own laws. The destiny of the continent reflects the the destiny of the peoples inhabiting it. It takes decades to go from the first ideas of the continent-wide arrangements to real actions on their fulfillment. Competition of the industrial economies for resources and markets, rivalry of different social systems, traumas from past and on-going conflicts, territorial claims and national ambitions have kept the Eurasian continent within the set boundaries (physical, economic, sociocultural) for a long time. Its division into blocs and alliances have been containing and still contain the development.
9. The old geopolitical thinking is embodied by a new, post-economic stereotype - «the clash of civilisations». Civilisational distinctiveness of the societies, representing different parts of the continent, were perceived as critical differences. If earlier the «living space» was seen as territorial and social resource, nowadays it also has sociocultural characteristics and historical capital. As a result, at the end of XX century, the old geopolitical thinking embodied by «clash of civilisations» principle, became a source of new misconceptions and mistakes, a reason for internal crises and bloody conflicts for many peoples of the continent.
10. At the same time global competition for development substantially contains internal continental processes, using unresolved conflicts and old stereotypes. Two counter processes may become an alternative to continental unification: transatlantic ( core EU) and transpacific (core USA-Japan) unification into macro-zones with a respective economic and geopolitical components (geoprojects TTIP and TTP), that stretch eastern and western part of the continent into the extra-continental space of economic growth and safety. Meanwhile continental integration unions ( primarily EU, Eurasian Economic Community, SOC and a number of less influential local unions) are not coordinated in its development strategies and do not have a common continental security system.
11. Containing factors, that delay and even block the continental processes are trade and economic wars and hybrid «molecular wars» in a number of the countries in the continent. The largest are protectionist wars ( namely the war for power and technological leadership between USA and China, military conflict in Ukraine (Donbass), USA and EU sanctions against RF etc). The military conflict in Ukraine, under certain circumstances, may become a full scale continental war.
12. The newly launched «Arms race» promotes the growth of pessimistic, conservative and reactionary sentiments both in Europe and the RF. Henceforth despite the dynamic processes of continent «arrangements» based on the long-term geoprojects, conflicts and various wars keep the inner differentiation, suspicion and phobias of «new European/continental/ world war» alive.